“Following the amphibious operation at the South of France, the naval operations in the Mediterranean do not present any particular interest till the end of the war against Germany. The Germans disposed in the Mediterranean only submarines and a number of light units, especially among those that were found in the German- occupied ports of North Italy and when the Germans occupied the French free zone.
Thus, during that period, only isolated encounters did take place in the upper Tyrrhenian and the north Adriatic. The Allies continued supplying the armies and supported with their fire the coastal land operations.
In April 1945, just after the German defeat in Italy, Italian attack units sunk in the port of Genoa the aircraft carrier RN AQUILA that was under construction, that the Germans were planning to sink at the entrance of the port to seal it off. In addition, in June 1944, British and Italian attack units sunk at La Spezzia the cruiser RN BOLZANO that was being repaired by the Germans to be used.
When the Germans started evacuating Greece, the Allies attacked against their sea transports and caused them serious losses. They didn’t however take measures to re-capture such islands as Crete, where the Germans still kept strong garrisons. As these garrisons did not dispose any air or naval forces, they couldn’t harass the allied movements and were left to surrender with the final defeat of Germany.
The land operations in North Italy had been postponed during the winter season 1944-45. The allied attack that was executed in the beginning of April 1945, ended to the armistice of Caserta of May 2, 1945. Along with the remains of the German Army Corps of the North of Italy, some fascist divisions surrendered, as well as the German light naval units of the Mediterranean.”